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Unformatted text preview: f that the US could stay
out by helping Britain win.
- The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 further helped the British
(and Soviets) by allowing them to borrow money to buy
weapons, and the US Navy patrolled halfway to Britain to
ensure delivery of the goods. Then in August Churchill
and FDR met on a battleship and issued the Atlantic
Charter, a Wilsonian set of war aims.
- The US entered into an undeclared naval war
w/Germany following the Greer Incident, in which a
German sub shot at (but missed) the Greer. This gave
FDR an excuse to get the US Navy to shoot on sight, and
have American warships take British merchant ships
across the ocean.
- Following the Greer, there was also the Kerney (they
fired at our destroyer) and the Reuben James (they sank
220 our destroyer) incidents. Consequently, Congress got rid
of the cash-and-carry policy and allowed the US to ship
munitions to Britain on armed merchant ships.
*Pearl Harbor and US Entry into the War*
- FDR actually hadn’t wanted to get involved with Asia at
all, e/t he did embargo shipments of fuel and metal to
Japan after the Tripartite Pact (September 1940), and
once Japan occupied French Indochina in 1941, trade
was ended altogether with Japan.
- Tokyo proposed a meeting, but the US rejected the
idea, instead simply demanding that the Japanese agree
to keep the Open Door in China (basically, to get out).
FDR still saw Europe as more important, so he told his
advisers to keep talks going to give him time to fortify the
- Tokyo was getting impatient, though, and soon rejected
demands to withdraw from Indochina. And e/t we had
cracked their secret code, the Japanese found a way to
completely surprise us on that day that will “live in
infamy,” December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor.
- FDR asked and got a declaration of war, which, three
days later, brought Germany and Italy in against the US.
We signed allegiance to the Atlantic Charter, and joined
World War II (1941 – 1945)
*The Course of the War*
- We won. Hah. 221 (Don...
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- Fall '10