To help get the idea around he established the office

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Unformatted text preview: f that the US could stay out by helping Britain win. - The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 further helped the British (and Soviets) by allowing them to borrow money to buy weapons, and the US Navy patrolled halfway to Britain to ensure delivery of the goods. Then in August Churchill and FDR met on a battleship and issued the Atlantic Charter, a Wilsonian set of war aims. - The US entered into an undeclared naval war w/Germany following the Greer Incident, in which a German sub shot at (but missed) the Greer. This gave FDR an excuse to get the US Navy to shoot on sight, and have American warships take British merchant ships across the ocean. - Following the Greer, there was also the Kerney (they fired at our destroyer) and the Reuben James (they sank 220 our destroyer) incidents. Consequently, Congress got rid of the cash-and-carry policy and allowed the US to ship munitions to Britain on armed merchant ships. *Pearl Harbor and US Entry into the War* - FDR actually hadn’t wanted to get involved with Asia at all, e/t he did embargo shipments of fuel and metal to Japan after the Tripartite Pact (September 1940), and once Japan occupied French Indochina in 1941, trade was ended altogether with Japan. - Tokyo proposed a meeting, but the US rejected the idea, instead simply demanding that the Japanese agree to keep the Open Door in China (basically, to get out). FDR still saw Europe as more important, so he told his advisers to keep talks going to give him time to fortify the Philippines. - Tokyo was getting impatient, though, and soon rejected demands to withdraw from Indochina. And e/t we had cracked their secret code, the Japanese found a way to completely surprise us on that day that will “live in infamy,” December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor. - FDR asked and got a declaration of war, which, three days later, brought Germany and Italy in against the US. We signed allegiance to the Atlantic Charter, and joined the war… World War II (1941 – 1945) *The Course of the War* - We won. Hah. 221 (Don...
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