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- Samuel Slater set up the first textile mill in the 1790s,
but manufacturing didn’t really pick up until the war b/c
the DR gov’t did not promote home industry.
- Finally in 1813 the Boston Manufacturing Company
was chartered and the first American power loom was
constructed in Waltham, Mass. Before long, many
women were purchasing the cloth made by the workers
rather than producing their own.
- Esp. initially, the mill managers adopted a paternalistic
approach towards their young women workers, promising
good living conditions and occasional evening lectures in
79 order to lure NE farm daughters to the factory. This
Lowell System soon spread to all the NE river mills.
- And that was just the beginning…
Nationalism, Expansion and the Market Economy (1816
*Postwar Nationalism in the “Era of Good Feelings”
(1815 – 1824)*
- After the successful conclusion of the War of 1812,
nat’lism surged and the DRs began to encourage the
economy and pass more nat’list legislation.
- In his second term (1812 – 1816) Madison proposed
economic and military expansion through the creation of
a second nat’l bank and improvements in transportation.
To raise $ for this and to help manufacturing, Madison
suggested implementing a protective tariff [but unlike the
Federalists he claimed that only a constitutional
amendment could give the fed. gov't the power to build
- Congress viewed the plan as a way of unifying the
country, and most of the program was enacted in 1816:
the Second Back of the United States was chartered, the
Tariff of 1816 was passed, and funds were appropriated
for the extension of the National Road to Ohio [though
Calhoun’s big road/canal plan was vetoed by Madison].
- In the Presidential Election of 1816 DR James
Monroe easily triumphed over the last Federalist
Presidential candidate, Rufus King from NY. The lack of
party rivalry caused a Boston newspaper to dub the time
the “Era of Good Feelings.” Monroe continued to support...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10