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Unformatted text preview: Obviously, the big issue
was when territories could prohibit slavery [North =
ASAP, South = very late in process when slaves
hopefully already there].
- At first, the bill didn’t pass [Daniel Webster helped by
giving it his support, but Calhoun did the opposite w/his
speech] – but after Douglas split it up and had Congress
vote on each aspect separately it worked. There were 5
basic aspects to the deal… CA came in as a free state.
110 Texas boundary kept at present limits but Texas
given $10 million in compensation for loss of
territory to New Mexico. New Mexico and Utah territories to be decided by
popular sovereignty. Slave trade banned in Washington DC. A new harsher fugitive slave law.
- Yeah, it wasn’t so much a decision as it was an evasion
[bought time for nation, some say it won war for North b/c
it gave them more time to finish industrializing].
- The two major problems with the compromise were as
follows: What the heck does “popular sovereignty” mean?
Nobody knew for sure – so the South decided it
would mean wait-until-there-are-slaves-and-thenvote, but the North didn’t agree. The new Fugitive Slave Act: basically it allowed
slaveowners to go into court in their states to
show evidence their slaves had escaped, have
court officials identify the validity of the claim, and
then possibly send US marshals after the person
[they were paid extra $ to return the person, too].
This was not too popular w/the North, and
abolitionists saw it as a violation of American
rights. Violent resistance even broke out in many
Northern towns as a result of the slave catchers
[Shadrach Minkins taken across to Canada in
1851, Jerry McHenry freed by abolitionist mob,
“Christiana Riot” occurred in Lancaster County].
- Also on the abolitionist front came Harriet Beecher
Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), which was a huge
bestseller. UTC both indicted slavery by describing the
111 horrors of slave life and criticized Northern racism; its
approach gave slavery a new human face for many
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- Fall '10