Unformatted text preview: tist, anti-regulation/free-market attitude. The 137 Democrats also nominated Greeley, who ran on a NorthSouth reunion type platform.
- Nevertheless, in the Presidential Election of 1872
Grant won out, but his popularity plummeted rapidly into
his second term, largely due to a series of poor
appointments and corruption scandals involving high
ranking administration officials. Consequently, in 1874
the Democrats took over in the House. This was the
beginning of the end for Reconstruction…
*The Reversal of Reconstruction*
- Even prior to the Democratic recapture of the House,
several laws had been passed that severely weakened
Reconstruction. For instance, in 1872 an Amnesty Act
had been passed which pardoned most of the remaining
ex-Confederates. And e/t a Civil Rights Act was passed
in 1875, it had no provisions for enforcement and was
later destroyed by the SC anyway.
- For reasons discussed above, Democrats regained
control of the South pretty quickly and even won major
influence in the North b/c by the 1870s the North was
losing interest – a nice way of saying that they didn’t give
a crap anymore, esp. after the market crash in 1873,
which brought another whole set of issues up and made
class conflict overshadow some of the existing racial
- Another thing that had a big impact on the ultimate
failure of Reconstruction was the Supreme Court. In
several cases the SC ruled against Reconstruction… The Slaughter-House Cases (1873) – in these
cases, the SC basically killed off the 14th
Amendment by declaring that state and nat’l
138 citizenship were two different things and that the
law only dealt w/a few particular rights. So, the
nat’l gov’t was not allowed to oversee civil rights
in the states, which had been the whole point of
the law in the first place! Bradwell v. Illinois (1873) – this case dealt w/a
female attorney who claimed that the 14th
Amendment defended her against discrimination.
However, the SC did not agree and made (hear
this!) an argument about the “woman’s place in
the home.” US v. Crui...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.
- Fall '10