Wwi and the us couldnt do anything latin america

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Unformatted text preview: ar? There were the humanitarian concerns about the Spanish policies, business concerns about commerce and US interests, general imperialistic drives, idealistic social gospel type ideas about saving others, and sensationalism. 177 - Anyhow, the Spanish fleet was quickly destroyed by Dewey in the Philippines, and Spain suffered further problems due to the US blockade of the Cuban ports and the US attack on Puerto Rico. As a result, an armistice was signed on August 12, 1898. - The peace terms were then worked out in Paris [where else] in December: an independent Cuba, cession of the Philippines, PR & Guam to the US, and US payment in return. Imperialists rejoiced, of course, but there still was a very significant opposition. - Anti-imperialists included Mark Twain, Bryan, Jane Addams, Carnegie, and many more – some mentioned principles [like self-determination], others advocated the peaceful acquisition of markets, others pointed out the potential costs of maintaining empires, others felt it would undermine American racial purity, and union leaders worried the new immigrants could undercut American labor. - But the Anti-Imperialist League [launched November 1898] was ultimately unsuccessful due to domestic policy divisions between the participants, and the fact that the US had already annexed the islands. Still, imperialists responded w/the usual patriotic and economic arguments. And once the Filipinos started to resist, of course, we couldn’t pull back at the risk of looking cowardly. - The rebellion, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, broke out in January 1899 when Aguinaldo responded to his isolation from power by proclaiming an independent republic. The war was vicious on both sides and finally ended in 1906 – leaving the coast clear for an “Americanization” of the area. 178 - In other words, the US subjugated the Philippine economy, passed a sedition act, and then vaguely promised independence once a “stable gov’t” was established [Jones Act, 1916]. Rule was finally ended following WWII. *American Involvement in Asia* - 1895 also brought the Sino-Japanese War, which the Japanese won, intensifying the genera...
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