Of justice in chasing down supposed reds this

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Unformatted text preview: through the “Red Summer” of 1919. - So, economically, the war brought increased gov’t involvement and a temporary boom in industry. *America on the Home Front: Civil Liberties* 187 - As soon as the war began, the gov’t also instituted control of rather a different sort – control of speech, and the limiting of civil liberties. Anyone who refused to support the war faced repression from the gov’t, and the issue of free speech was seen as a question of policy for the first time. For example, there was the… Committee on Public Information – Headed by Progressive journalist George Creel, the CPI set about the making of propaganda through posters, films, pamphlets, speeches, and so on. Espionage Act (1917) – The EA forbade “false statements” against the draft or the military, and banned anti-war mails. Sedition Act (1918) – The SA made it illegal to obstruct the sale of war bonds and to use nasty language against the gov’t, Constitution, flag, or uniform. It was very vague, and allowed for plenty of gov’t intimidation. Imprisonment of Sots – As a result of the new acts, IWW members and Sots faced major problems. For example, Eugene V. Debs, the leader of the Sot Party, was arrested for speaking about the freedom to criticize the gov’t. Spread of Vigilante Organizations – Some people thought they would help out by…umm…helping get rid of unpatriotic people or bullying them into buying Liberty Loans and such. These organizations included the Sedition Slammers and American Defense Society. - These steps led to a questioning of the whole free speech thing – CO Roger Baldwin founded the Civil Liberties Bureau to defend people accused under the 188 E/S Acts and redefined free speech as something separate from the identity of the speaker. - Two important SC cases also dealt w/the new developments: Schenck v. US (1919), in which Holmes upheld the EA by using the whole fire in a movie theater argument [if there is a “clear and present” danger free speech should be restricted], and Abrams v. US (1919) in which the SA was also upheld [but this time Holmes and Brandeis dissented]. *The American Reaction to the Bolshevik R...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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