States didnt let blacks vote they were to have their

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Unformatted text preview: gress Challenges Johnson’s Authority* - Congress was not too thrilled about Johnson’s plan, especially b/c many of the planters had begun establishing black codes on the local and state levels. Consequently, the Republican majority simply decided to directly challenge Johnson by refusing to admit the exConfederates. - Congress justified its new role in Reconstruction by pointing out that the Constitution had given them the main power to admit new states. Still, there were many other Constitutional issues to sort out, such as the everpresent question whether the Union had been broken or not. - Lincoln believed it had not; Johnson agreed but admitted the people responsible for the rebellion had to pay [in theory]; moderates favored Congressional supervision; and radicals argued that the Union was broken and the South was a conquered nation. - Anyway, all of Congress knew that they had to have an alternative to Johnson’s program ready for the 1866 elections. Since a conservative coalition was out of the question after Johnson and the Democrats insisted that Reconstruction had already ended, it all came down to the moderate and radical Republicans. - First, they attempted another compromise w/Johnson in spring 1866 – the Johnson policy would continue w/only 2 modifications: extension of the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau and the passage of the Civil Rights Bill of 1866, which would force Southern courts to practice equality before the law by allowing the federal gov’t to take over unfair cases [but only in public acts of discrimination]. But 131 this flopped when Johnson vetoed both bills, revealing his racism. The bills overrode his veto and passed anyway, though. *The Fourteenth Amendment and the Beginning of Congressional Reconstruction* - After that, all chances of cooperation between Johnson and Congress were dead, so Congress went ahead and began its own program, urged on by the increasing reports of anti-black violence in the South. - The result was the Fourteenth Amendment, whi...
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2014 for the course APUSH AP United taught by Professor Orban during the Fall '10 term at Harrison High School, Harrison.

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