The Fair Deal & Containment

The Fair Deal & Containment - The Fair Deal &...

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The Development of the Cold War
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Truman as President Truman’s background Peace & Demobilization Some 11 million returning G.I.s Expansion of unemployment insurance Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 – G.I. Bill of Rights - $13 billion – education, vocational training, loans for housing and businesses, medical treatment Expansion of Social Security Permanent Fair Employment Practices Committee Slum clearance & low rent housing
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Taft-Hartley Labor Act of 1947 Republican plan to curb power of unions Taft Hartley provisions Banned closed shop Provisions against “unfair” union practices such as secondary boycotts Forbade strikes by federal employees Called for “cooling off” period of80 days on strikes deemed dangerous to the national health or safety by the president Truman vetoed; veto overridden
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Security Measures National Security Act – 1947 National Security Council (NSC) – president, heads of defense department, secretary of state Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Charter of the United Nations – April 25, 1945 50 nations signed the charter Security Council – five permanent members – United States, Soviet Union, Britain, France and the Republic of China
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Foreign Policy and the Cold War Concern for Soviet aggression beyond Eastern Europe George F. Kennan, American Embassy in Moscow, used the term containment “patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies” Civil War in Greece Soviets pressing Turkey
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The Truman Doctrine With Britain no longer able to support the Greek cause, Truman steps in March 12, 1947 – Truman asked Congress for $400 million in economic aid for Turkey & Greece. Some U.S. military personnel to help train soldiers Commits the U.S. to the doctrine of containment Bernard Baruch speaks of the “cold war.”
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course HIST 143 taught by Professor Mishkin during the Spring '08 term at E. Stroudsburg.

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The Fair Deal & Containment - The Fair Deal &...

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