THE SECOND WORLD WAR - THE SECOND WORLD WAR The World at...

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THE SECOND WORLD WAR The World at War
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Events Leading To War Japan 1931 – Japanese occupation of Manchuria League of Nations & U.S. did not help Italy 1922 – Fascist Benito Mussolini seized power Germany 1933 – Adolf Hitler – National Socialist German Workers Party (NAZI) – made chancellor with the collapse of the Weimar Republic 1934 – dictator – “Reichsfuhrer”
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Axis Powers Expand 1935 – Mussolini invaded Ethiopia 1936 – Hitler occupied Rhineland 1936 – Spanish Civil War – fascist Gen Francisco Franco 1937 – Japan invades China; war begins 1937 – Japan joined Germany and Italy in “Anti- Comintern Pact” – Axis Powers 1938 – Anschluss (union) Germany and Austria 1938 – Hitler takes part of Czechoslovakia
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The War Begins Munich Agreement Britain & France abandon Czechoslovakia March 1939 – Hitler occupied the remainder of Czechoslovakia and Lithuania Mussolini conquered Albania September 1, 1939 – Germany invaded Poland Hitler signed non-aggression pact with Soviet Russia Britain and France go to war U.S. remained neutral
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War in Europe
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U.S. and Neutrality Series of Neutrality Acts beginning in 1935 to restrict sale of arms and munitions to warring countries Neutrality Act of 1939 – Britain and France could send their freighters, buy supplies with cash and take away arms or whatever they wanted American ships stayed out of warring nations’ ports Americans were forbidden to travel on warring nations’ ships
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America’s Growing Involvement Great Britain Prime Minister Winston Churchill – “We will never surrender!” U.S. supports Britain with combat planes and older destroyers Summer of 1940 – Battle of Britain September 16, 1940 – FDR begins the first peacetime conscription in American history. All 21 – 35 year old men had to register. January 10, 1941- lend lease program
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German Successes & Failures Italy enters the war as Germany’s ally June 1940 Nazi successes in Yugoslavia, Greece, Crete, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria June 1941 – Germany turns on ally Soviet Russia Russian resistance strong in Leningrad, Moscow and Sevastopol Hitler made a serious error Britain and United States offer support to Russia through lend lease program
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Japan’s Successes French Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) British Malaya (Malaysia) Burma – Burma Road to China FDR responded by merging all U.S. forces in East Asia with the Philippines under Gen. Douglas MacArthur U.S. continued to avoid war Japan refused to withdraw from Indochina & China
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Pearl Harbor U.S. expected attacks on British and Dutch
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