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Unformatted text preview: / The European Gas and Oil Market British-Russian oil venture TNK-BP,59 or the withdrawing of the license of
Royal Dutch Shell for the Sakhalin 2 oil and gas field in Russia.60
Map 3. The new energy dynamic in the North SHTOKMAN MURMANSK/TERIBERKA
ARKHANGELSK/SEVERODVINSK VYBORG GREIFSWALD Recent findings show that there is more Russian oil reloading in
Norway. The number of ship-to-ship oil reloading operations outside the
Norwegian North Cape will double in 2009, according to the company
Kirkenes Transit. So far this year, a total of 540,000 tons of Russian oil has
been reloaded in the Norwegian High North waters61.
Russia and Norway are both energy exporters and polar neighbours
and, therefore, they are both strategic, regional, European and global
actors, who will have to act in cooperation or in competition with each
other. 59 “Russian Police raid offices of oil firm TNK-BP,” March 19, 2008. Available on:
Royal Dutch Shell’s Sakhalin Nightmare, September 20, 2006. Available on:
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- Summer '14