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Unformatted text preview: hipelago of Spitsbergen (now called Svalbard) an
overseas part of the Kingdom of Norway (Article 1).62 The Treaty came into
power on August 14, 1925.63 It was a deal between Russia and Norway.
The Norwegians recognised the Soviet Union and the Soviet Union
recognised the Svalbard Treaty. Norway then took over sovereign
governorship and immediately enacted a series of environmental protection
measures. However, as part of the compromise between the signatories,
despite Norwegian sovereignty, not all Norwegian laws are applied. The
Treaty only partly demilitarises Svalbard. All signatories were given equal
rights to engage in commercial activities (mainly coal mining) on the
islands. Currently (as of 2007), Norway and Russia are both utilising this
right. There has been a long-running dispute, primarily between Norway
and the Soviet Union (and now Russia) over fishing rights in the region. In
1977, Norway established a regulated fishery in a 200-nautical-mile
(370 km) zone around Svalbard (though it did not close the zone to foreign
access). Norway argues that the Treaty's provisions of equal ec...
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This document was uploaded on 03/30/2014.
- Summer '14