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Barents Observer. Available on:
<www.barentsobserver.com/index.php?cat=16178a>, April 30, 2008. 49
© Ifri F. Harbo / The European Gas and Oil Market Norwegian-Russian conflicts
Russia and Norway have experienced a number of conflicts, but to make a
long, protracted, though often illuminating story short, only three of the
conflicts will be discussed here: an old conflict – Svalbard –, a new conflict
– the Arctic –, and a “little local problem” – Norilsk Nickel. The Svalbard conflict
An old Norwegian-Russian conflict is Svalbard. Norway and Russia have
negotiated over the delineation of the disputed 176,000 square km zone
since the 1970s. While Norway has wanted a delineation deal to follow an
equidistance or median-line principle, the Russian side has insisted that the
delineation must follow a sector-line principle. The Barents Sea zone is
expected to contain huge resources of hydrocarbons. Everything started
with the Treaty concerning Spitsbergen of February 9, 1920, which
declared the arctic arc...
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