The reason for this was the fact that norways close

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Unformatted text preview: However, Norwegian participation in the establishment of the European Community in the 1950s, what eventually became the EU, was not considered. The reason for this was the fact that Norway’s close ally, Great Britain, did not take part either. Instead, Norway, together with Great Britain, Denmark, Sweden and several other states, established the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) in 1960. Norway applied for membership in the European Economic Community (EEC) later on in the 1960s, but with France blocking British membership, Norway’s application was never dealt with. A Norwegian referendum held in 1972 returned a vote of 53.5% against Norwegian membership in the EC. Then in 1994, 52.2% of the Norwegian voters again voted “no.” Thus, the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement, which had entered into force on January 1, 1994, continued to be the cornerstone of Norway’s association with the EU.3 Norway started to play a significant role in Europe’s petroleum policy in 1982. In order to prevent Western Europe...
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