The Cosmological Argument (classroom overhead version)

The Cosmological Argument (classroom overhead version) -...

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THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT We begin with St. Thomas Aquinas= version of the Cosmological Argument. PREMISES: 1. The Principle of Sufficient Reason: everything must have a cause. First Version of this idea : Everything must have a prior cause. Nothing comes from nothing or causes itself. Instead, for every event there must be something that existed before it to cause it. 2. So, the present events making up the present universe had a prior cause: the state of the universe a moment ago. 3. So also, that state of the universe had a prior cause: the state of the universe a moment before it. And so on. 4. But, this series of prior causes cannot go back in time without end; the chain of prior causes can not be infinite. CONCLUSION: Therefore, there was some thing or event that was first. And so, nothing existed before it to be its cause. So it was an uncaused causer. This all men call “God”.
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1. The Principle of Sufficient Reason, Second Version : a) Everything must have a prior cause. (PSRa) b) Let us define two types of things: By DEPENDENT BEINGS we mean things that must have a prior cause. By SELF-EXISTENTBEING we mean a thing that is special in that it is the cause of itself. c) So, our principle is that everything must have a cause, but with dependent beings each having a prior cause, while any self-existent beings would be there own cause. d) With this Principle we will now show that there must exist at least one Self-Existent Being (God). 2. The present events making up the present universe are dependent beings, so these had a prior cause: the events of the universe a moment ago. 3. So also, those events were dependent events, so they had a prior cause: the events of the universe a moment before it. And so on. 4. But, this series of dependent events cannot go back in time without end; the chain of prior
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The Cosmological Argument (classroom overhead version) -...

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