intro to phiolosophy of religion

intro to phiolosophy of religion - Intro to Philosophy /...

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Intro to Philosophy / Prof. Pruim’s Notes /      Introduction to Philosophy of Religion / p.      1    INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION I. Religion and Philosophy of Religion. Some people wish to say that philosophers should not investigate religion, especially if the philosophers are not practicing a religion themselves. But, philosophizing about religion does not require being religious. To see this, distinguish the following: Piety: the practice of a religion. Examples: believing in God, praying, worshiping, obeying God = s will, etc. Theology: the study of the claims made within a religion; the examination of questions internal to the religion. Examples: Does God love everyone? Is evil merely the absence of good? Was Jesus divine? Is the Pope infallible? Philosophy of Religion : the study of external questions about religions in general. Examples: How are we to understand the remarks that are made in religion. Are they trying to state facts, or are they expressions of some other sort? E.g., is the remark, A God created the universe in seven days, and then rested, @ intended to state a matter of fact? If not, what then is the point of saying it? On the other hand, if it is intended to state a fact, can we determine whether or not it is true? Furthermore, is it in conflict with the factual claims made in natural science about how the universe came into being, or is it compatible with our scientific claims? Given the difference between what piety is and what philosophy is, it would seem that one need not be pious in order to study about religion any more than one needs to be British in order to study about Britain. II. Kinds of Religions. A. A General Definition of Religion A religion is: i a more or less systematic world view that usually contains o belief in the existence of a divine agent, o ritual activity and sacred objects, o a moral code sanctioned by the deity, o a body of sacred writings revealing the purposes of the deity.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Pruim during the Spring '08 term at E. Stroudsburg.

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intro to phiolosophy of religion - Intro to Philosophy /...

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