exam 1 - Introduction • Discover the underlying order of...

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January 18, 2007 Introduction Discover the underlying order of social life o Genetics, chemical imbalance, hormones, childhood Creation of scholarly disciplines Benefits from various disciplines Sociology- study of human societies and of human behavior in social settings o Broad patterns and occurrences of group behavior Using the Sociological Perspective Various viewpoints o Size, comfort level, time Sociological point of view o Focus on patters of social relations and on group context o Rules of conduct o Group characteristics (age, gender, size, race) o Power relations o Social functions January 23, 2007 Assumptions of the Sociological Perspective Individuals are, by their nature, social beings Individuals are, for the most part, socially determined The individual’s identity is socially bestowed Individuals create, sustain, and change the social forms within which they conduct their lives We are dependent on and manipulated by social forces We are a product of our social environment While we are shaped by our social environment, we also can change that environment Looking beyond the commonly accepted social definitions Things are not what they seem Call into question existing myths, stereotypes, and official dogma o Durkheim’s suicide o The US is a middle class society where most people are more or less equal o Poor people are far more likely than rich people to break the law o Most poor people don’t want to work o People change as they grow old, losing many interests as they focus increasingly on their health o Most people marry because they are in love
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Theoretical Perspectives Structural Functionalism or System Analysis o Founded by Parsons o Way each part of society contributes to the functioning of society as whole o Social balance o Organism Conflict orientation- Marx o Focus on conflict o Conflict is everywhere o What people want is in short supply which leads to competition o Conflict is inevitable o Who benefits and who is systematically deprived by certain social problems? Symbolic interaction o Day-to-day communication o Interpretation or meaning o Symbols o understanding January 25, 2007 Culture Failure to realize that we are conforming to beliefs, customs, habits, traditions Talking distance
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exam 1 - Introduction • Discover the underlying order of...

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