{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Carbon Compounds and Chem Reactions and Enzymes

Carbon Compounds and Chem Reactions and Enzymes - Inorganic...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Inorganic Compound Most do not contain carbon living organisms contain inorganic compounds and organic compounds – water is an important inorganic compound 65% of the human body weight is water can store heat well
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Organic Compounds occur naturally only in living things contain the elements carbon and hydrogen many oxygen and nitrogen less frequently – phosphorus, sulfur, iron, calcium, sodium, chlorine, magnesium and potassium
Image of page 2
Elements of Life CHNOPS Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen Oxygen Phosphorus Sulfur
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
Major categories of Organic compounds • carbohydrates (sugars and starches) • lipids (fats, oils, and waxes) • proteins (functional and structural) nucleic acids (RNA and DNA)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Carbon Compounds include that consist of which contain that consist of that consist of that consist of which contain which contain which contain Carbohydrates Lipids Nucleic acids Proteins Sugars and starches Fats and oils Nucleotides Amino Acids Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen Carbon,hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus Carbon, hydrogen,oxygen, nitrogen,
Image of page 6
Carbohydrates Contain carbon - hydrogen - oxygen (1:2:1 ratio) Names end in -ose • monosacchrides - basic unit of carbohydrates glucose, fructose, and galactose • disaccharide - two simple sugars maltose, lactose and sucrose • polysaccharides - several simple sugars starch, glycogen, cellulose, chitin
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
How Many? Carbon = Hydrogen = Oxygen = Glucose a monosaccharide 6 12 6 2:1 H:O
Image of page 8
Starch Glucose Go to Section: Starch is made of many glucose molecules bonded together by dehydration synthesis
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Dehydration Synthesis dehydration synthesis – Synthesis means “putting together” – dehydration means “removing water” “putting together molecules by removing water” By removing an OH group from one molecule and a H from another you open up a site for the two molecules to bond together. Cells build larger molecules from smaller molecules by this process It is a major part of metabolism.
Image of page 10
Hydrolysis Process that breaks apart large molecules into smaller parts
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern