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Memory and Forgetting Final Essay Assignment Chyanne Siegfried
“Memory” is a single term that reflects a number of different abilities: holding information briefly while working with it (working memory), remembering episodes of one’s life (episodic memory), and our general knowledge of facts of the world (semantic memory), among other types” (McDermott & Roediger 2020). This module was created to help us understand how memory and forgetting works. Throughout this module we also learned the three stages of learning and remembering, ways that can help us to remember better and the differences between working memory, episodic memory, semantic memory and, collective memory. We also learned about the five reasons we forget. “Memory is the means by which we draw on our past experiences in order to use this information in the present” (Sternberg, 1999). Remembering “involves three processes: encoding information, storing it, and then retrieving it” (McDermott & Roediger 2020). Encoding is learning by perceiving and relating it to past information that you have learned. Storing is being able to keep and maintain information over a

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