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HUM161 Vocab List

HUM161 Vocab List - HUM161 Vocabulary List Gene Basics gene...

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HUM161 Vocabulary List Gene Basics:  gene  - basic functional and physical unit of genetic inheritance; section of DNA  that specifies a protein or RNA   DNA  - double stranded, complementary molecular structure of genetic  information contained within each cell chromosomes  - larger structure of compacted DNA within a cell locus  - physical location of gene within DNA allele  - one of several alternatives for a gene genotype  - genetic makeup of an organism phenotype  - observable physical characteristic(s) of a gene wild type  - normal genotype or phenotype heterozygote  - genotype with two different alleles at a specific locus on  matching chromosomes homozygote  - genotype with the same allele at a specific locus on matching  chromosomes mitosis  - replication of a cell into two identical daughter cells haploid
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