This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: HUM161 Vocabulary List Gene Basics: gene - basic functional and physical unit of genetic inheritance; section of DNA that specifies a protein or RNA DNA - double stranded, complementary molecular structure of genetic information contained within each cell chromosomes - larger structure of compacted DNA within a cell locus - physical location of gene within DNA allele - one of several alternatives for a gene genotype - genetic makeup of an organism phenotype - observable physical characteristic(s) of a gene wild type - normal genotype or phenotype heterozygote - genotype with two different alleles at a specific locus on matching chromosomes homozygote - genotype with the same allele at a specific locus on matching chromosomes mitosis - replication of a cell into two identical daughter cells haploid - one set of genetic information, present in gametes, with one copy of...
View Full Document
- Spring '08