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Unformatted text preview: HUM161 Vocabulary List Gene Basics: gene - basic functional and physical unit of genetic inheritance; section of DNA that specifies a protein or RNA DNA - double stranded, complementary molecular structure of genetic information contained within each cell chromosomes - larger structure of compacted DNA within a cell locus - physical location of gene within DNA allele - one of several alternatives for a gene genotype - genetic makeup of an organism phenotype - observable physical characteristic(s) of a gene wild type - normal genotype or phenotype heterozygote - genotype with two different alleles at a specific locus on matching chromosomes homozygote - genotype with the same allele at a specific locus on matching chromosomes mitosis - replication of a cell into two identical daughter cells haploid - one set of genetic information, present in gametes, with one copy of...
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- Spring '08
- DNA, specific DNA sequence, DNA sequence primers, gene promoter/enhancer sequence