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Georgia Government

Georgia Government - Georgia Government Overview of Georgia...

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Georgia Government Overview of Georgia Government at the State and Local Levels
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The Importance of State and Local Governments Americans trust local and state government more than the national government U.S. has more than 87,000 units of Government 1 national government 50 state governments Thousands of local governments 537 elected officials at the national level and over 500,000 state and locally elected officials States provide government services close to home (education, law enforcement, public health, welfare, recreation, etc.)
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State Governments All states have a governor (executive branch), a legislature (legislative branch), and a court system (judicial branch) States are different in how their governments operate, however GA is a fairly “typical” state, but its form of gov’t is not duplicated in any other state Think Federalism—Unity without uniformity! Government close to home!
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Georgia’s Constitution Constitutionalism: gov’t is created by the people for certain limited purposes which are specified in a written document Constitution describes: Fundamental powers of gov’t Institutions to exercise the powers Powers that are specifically excluded
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Changes to the GA Constitution 2/3 vote of the legislature and public approval Since 1777, GA has had 10 constitutions Why? Length of GA Constitutions: Historically, very long! Over 1000 Amendments from 1945 to 1982 As the state changed, the constitution had to be amended (delete the obsolete and add the new) Old Constitutions had SPECIAL AMENDMENTS
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Length of GA Constitutions Previous prevailing doctrine: Unless the state constitution specifically allows it, the state gov’t cannot do it. Most political scientists disagree: Constitutions should be brief and only cover the fundamentals Details should be left to ordinary laws, not special amendments, so that timely changes can be made.
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The Current GA Constitution Went into effect July 1, 1983 Is more in line with a brief constitution that covers only the fundamentals Special Amendments are prohibited (local provisions) General Amendments are allowed (statewide provisions)
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The Major Institutions of GA Government Governor (Executive Branch) Legislature (Legislative Branch) Court System (Judicial Branch)
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