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1 Homeless Adolescents Homeless Adolescents LaTanya Stephens Walden University November 8, 2020
2 Homeless Adolescents Population and Presenting Problem Adolescents is a time when youth need a strong support system and a feeling of hopefulness to face the complex and often troubling development tasks of creating a stable identity and becoming productive and autonomous adults (Hughes, Clark, Wood, Cakmak, Cox, MacInnis, Warren, Handrahan, & Broom, 2010). An increasing number of adolescents find themselves dealing with a different life of homelessness. According to Hughes, Clark, Wood, Cakmak, Cox, MacInnis, Warren, Handrahan, & Broom (2010), youth comprise the fastest growing age group within the homeless population. Articles Reviewed During this research about adolescent’s homelessness, it was discovered that 1.5-2 million youth experience homelessness in the United States and that they face a set of risks related to their backgrounds and life on the streets (Nott & Vuchinich, 2016). Without protective shelter, these youth face threats of physical and sexual attacks, mental health issues, and food insecurities (Nott & Vuchinich, 2016). According to Dabbs, Braddock, Cuers, Elliott, &Kelly (1993), previous research has indicated that homeless children exhibit high rates of behavioral and emotional problems and come from families characterized by conflict and rejection. Clear evidence is available to show that homeless adolescents are at higher than usual risk for psychological problems, particularly depression, low self-esteem and impulsivity (Dabbs, Braddock, Cuer, Elliott, & Kelly, 1993). Dabbs, Braddock, Cuer, Elliott, & Kelly (1993), states that the families of homeless youths tend to be characterized by parent-child conflict, discipline problems, physical and sexual abuse, lack of attention and caring, and substance abuse. Oliveira & Burke (2009), conducted a study and found that Caucasian youth were more likely to be sleeping on the streets. Homeless youth and from service providers, this may be attributed to a
3 Homeless Adolescents lack of extended family members for Caucasians as compared with minority youth. Although most African American and Latino youth who “hung around” on the streets may not have been living with their family of origin, they did not sleep on the street. They were couch surfers or staying with extended family members or friends (Oliveira & Burke, 2009). Evidence-based Interventions Interventions can be implemented on the personal and societal level as well as on the community and institutional level and can help to achieve multiple outcomes, such as mental/physical health, accessibility of services, vocational assistance and healthy interpersonal relationships. An intervention that could be used for homeless adolescents is Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA). According to Slesnick, Guo, Brakenhoff & Bantchevska

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