The Romantic Period 1785-1830a mode of literature associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (A.W. Schlegel - critic - Romaniticism)revolutionary--> changed the way of writingturns away from optimism of the Enlightenmentall human being are potentially rationalMajor historical events1793 -Louis XVI beheaded. rise of Robespierre-"Reign of Terror"1794-Robespierre sent to guillotine1793-1815-war (England v France). England suspends habeas corpus & other liberties. Sedition Act. 1815 Waterloo. Napoleon defeated1804-Napoleon crowns himself emperor1807-England abolishes slave tradeIndustrial Revolution. agri-indi. towns grow. depletion of rural pop. poverty gap widens.1819-Manchester. St. Peter's. Peterloo Massacre. m/w/c killed in peaceful assembly1830-Reform Bill. easier to qualify to voteTrends of Romanticism1. emphasis on subjective experience2. emphasis on faculty of imagination3. emergence of lyric poem written in first person4. emphasis on feelings5. turn to nature. meditative. reflect on personal change.6. interest in ordinary life & supernatural7. solitary speakers encountering solitary characters. alienation.Blake, William 1757-1827eccentric genius. nonaristocrat. artist. bizarre. created personal mythology.religous but disliked religious dogmatism/orthodoxyinfluences: The Bible. John Milton."All Religions are One/ There is No Natural Religion"style of proverbs. energy. restraint. chaotic. anarchy. ironic use of personas. systematic rigor. empiricism and philosophytrend of the human being as a blank slate; acquire knowledge and impressions"TNNRa"human being as bounded. limited. Blake wants to enact Poetic Genius. transcend bounded being."TNNRb"visionary seeing beyond seeing. see something intangible. force movement."ARO"Poetic Genius is the source of all religionreligions are different receptions of Poetic GeniusBlake is tolerant of Religion. but not of priesthood.priesthood= control. dictate education/perceptions of othersSongs of Innocence and Experiencenot a linear progression from innocence to experience
most speakers in Innocenceare children or child-like"The Lamb"speaker is a child? teacher? child repeating a lesson?AMBIGUOUSquestions asked have guaranteed answers. set up like nursery rhyme. simplistic rhyme scheme."The Tyger"speaker: not a child. possible adultduality- tiger as fearful dangerous. rhetorical/unanswered questions.divine as an exercise of imagination. divine within.something to do with the systems humans makenot lamb v tyger but Blake v systemanimals act. humans judge."London"speaker: solitary adult. apart of system discussed.1. charter'd street. humans. man madecharter'd Thames. cultured. shipping rights. restraint.even public spaces are legislated.2. mark-verb-notice. mark-noun-impressionthe speaker is part of charteriing & marksmarks of weakness...woe. weakness is passive3. repitition of every. uniformity. grid effect. imprisonment.