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dubois-garvey - Assess the contributions of Marcus Garvey...

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Assess the contributions of Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. DuBois to the Pan-African movement. Despite the seemingly oppositional lives of Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. DuBois, the actions and politics of both men gave strength and support to the Pan-African movement. St. Claire Drake defines traditional Pan-Africanism as “the unity of sentiment and action between individuals in Africa and the diaspora.” 1 It is with this definition that we evaluate the contributions of Marcus Garvey and W. E. B. DuBois, both of whom were considered Pan-Africanist but each in their own way. The differences between the development of Garvey’s philosophy and the development of DuBois’ philosophy can partially be linked to the difference in the men’s respective upbringings. W. E. B. DuBois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts in 1868. 2 He enjoyed a comfortable New England lifestyle and attended university at Fisk and Harvard. 3 On July 1910, twenty years after graduating from Harvard, DuBois became the Director of Publicity and Research for the NAACP. 4 DuBois’ Pan-Africanist philosophy required racial pride as well and the economical and political support of the black upper and middle class. 5 Ten years earlier, he had attended the First Pan-African Congress in London at Westminster Hall from July 23 to July 25, 1900. 6 The conference was nearly forgotten and DuBois convened five more between the years of 1919 and 1945. 7 The Second Pan-African Congress was held in London from August 28 to August 29, 1921 1 St. Clair Drake, Diaspora Studies and Pan-Africanism. , 461 2 Sterling Johnson, Black Globalism: The International Politics of a Non-State Nation, 91 3 Johnson, 93 4 Johnson, 95 5 Johnson, 101 6 Johnson, 100 7 Johnson, 101
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and in Paris from September 1 to September 2, 1921 and made nearly no headway.
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