Psychology Week 13.3 - b Facial feedback study(1988 b.i...

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Psychology Week 13.3 Friday 11/8 Chapter 7 1. Emotions – experiences that are felt as having happened to you that have cognitive and physiological components 2. Autonomic nervous system a. Sympathetic – fight or flight; prepares the organism for vigorous activity a.i. Produces arousal a.ii. Increases respiration, heart rate and production of perspiration a.iii. Decreases saliva production a.iv. Decreases digestion and sex drive a.v. Secretes hormones (adrenaline and noradrenaline) a.vi. Controls urination and defecation a.vii. Controls pupil dilation b. Parasympathetic – produces behaviors associated with relaxation b.i. Manages digestion b.ii. Stimulates sex organs 3. James-Lange theory of emotion (1884-1885) a. b. Physiology response comes before emotion 4. Support for James-Lange theory a. Most emotions do have a distinct pattern of autonomic responses a.i. Anger and fear both cause increased heart rate; however a.i.1. Anger leads to increased blood flow to the hands and feet a.i.2. Fear reduces blood flow to the hands and feet
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Unformatted text preview: b. Facial feedback study(1988) b.i. Participants held a pen with teeth or lips b.ii. Rated how humorous cartoons were b.iii. Pen held in teeth led to cartoons rated as more humorous than when pen held in lips 5. Evidence against James-Lange theory a. People with spinal cord injuries do experience full range of emotions despite no feedback from body 6. Cannon-Bard theory Psychology Week 13.3 Friday 11/8 a. b. Physiology and emotion occurs at the same time 7. Schachter’s cognitive theory a. b. Context and labeling matter c. Your heart starts racing: c.i. When you see a bear c.i.1. Interpret as fear c.ii. When you see an attractive women gazing into your eyes c.ii.1. Interpret as excitement d. You feel physiological arousal going into an exam: d.i. You can reduce anxiety by interpreting the arousal as hunger, not apprehension 8. Schachter’s cognitive theory support a. Can lead to misattribution of arousal b. Dutton and Aron (1974)...
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