1A Declaration of Color BlindnessStudent’s NameInstitutional AffiliationDateIntroduction
A DECLARATION OF COLOR BLINDNESS2The history of enslaved Africans has over time become symbolic of the roots of slavery despite the presence of both free and active Africans being present in the Americas by 1400s. African-Americans refer to the black Americans who are an ethnic group in the United States with a partial or total ancestry from the African racial groups. ‘African-American’ is a term that generally denotes the community that descended from the enslaved black people in the United States. Recent black immigrants as well as the offspring from those identified as black are also often classified as African Americans. A common aspect that underscores African-American communities is their severely limited rights and the lack of a rightful share in the social, political and economic aspects of the United States (Alexander & West, 2010). However, African-Americans have played an important role in shaping the American history and culture. At the start of the 21st century, up to 36 million African-Americans lived in the United States with most of the African Americans living in the southern states; constituting a population of about 1 million in only10 Southern States(Bryc, Durand, Macpherson, Reich & Mountain, 2015). African Americans have been concentrated in some of the largest cities with about 1 million people living Chicago, Philadelphia and Detroit and up to two million people living in New York City.The fate of slavery and the enslaved people in the United States culminated in a division in the country in the civil war. However, a racist legacy of slavery persisted after the war and has led to various resistance movements including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Selma-To-Montgomery March and the most recent Black Lives Matter Movement. Through all the movements and resistance efforts, artists, black leaders, writers and activists have emerged to efficiently shape their identity and the character of the nation. The course of American ethnic and racial politics is currently dependent on the dynamics in the African-American community as well as the relations between other racial groups with the African-American. A key issue within the black community is the unfolding relationship betweenattachment to the American polity and their material success. Over time, the imponderability in racial and ethnic relations has increased the complexity of ethnicity related policies and has had a profound impact on African-American behavior and preferences in politics (Van Cleve & Mayes, 2015). The patterns in racial and ethnic inclinations are currently politically charged and highly volatile with a high impact on the choices of the people.