Pols 255- Section 1 Outline 3

Pols 255- Section 1 Outline 3 - POLS 255-002: The Politics...

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POLS 255-002: The Politics of Crime and Justice February 5, 7, 12, 14, and 19, 2008: Law Enforcement I. Introduction A. Organization of the police a. i. Murder is a state crime primarily B. Functions of police organizations 1. “Keeping the Peace” or Order Maintenance 2. Law Enforcement 3. Service Function C. Wilson’s findings on the influence that communities have on police functions: 1. Watchman Style 2. Legalistic Style 3. Service Style Style Defining Characteristics Community Type Watchman Emphasis on maintaining order Declining industrial city, mixed racial/ethnic composition, “blue collar” Legalistic Emphasis on law enforcement Reform-minded city government, mixed socio- economic composition Service Emphasis on service with a balance between law enforcement and order maintenance Middle-class suburban communities II. The Police as “Street-Level Bureaucrats” A. Reliance on discretion B. At least five factors influence the use of discretion by officers: 1. The type of crime a. The less serious it is to the public, the more discretion officers have to ignore it 2. The strength of the evidence a. The stronger the evidence, the more likely an arrest will take place 3. The relationship between the accused and the victim a. The closer the two are, the more discretion the officers use 4. The relationship between the police and the accused or the victim a. Police act more favorably to respectful individuals 5. Departmental policies a. Police chiefs may put policies into effect that limit the use of discretion III. Issues and Trends in Law Enforcement A. “Racial Profiling” B. “The Life of a Black Cop” POLS 255-002 (Spring 2008) Outline for Law Enforcement 1
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C. “21 st Century Crime Fighting” D. Police Brutality E. Community Policing IV. The Constitution and Law Enforcement A. The 4 th Amendment: “The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause , supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons of things to be seized.” Plain sights Consent search “incident to a valid arrest” i. All can be executed without a search warrant 1. Weeks v U.S. (1914) Police officers and a U.S. Marshal went to Weeks’ house after neighbor led them to the key. They seized evidence from his home without a search warrant. Based on the evidence, Weeks was convicted of violating a federal law that prohibited the use of the mail to transport lottery tickets He challenged this warrantless search as a violation of his 4 th Amendment rights. How did the U.S. Supreme Court rule on this issue?
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Pols 255- Section 1 Outline 3 - POLS 255-002: The Politics...

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