ANSC Dairy - Dairy World Dairy Trade Milk is very important...

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Dairy World Dairy Trade - Milk is very important dietary component o Baby food o Baking o School lunch - Fluid milk is highly perishable o Good culture medium for bacteria o Must remain refrigerated unless UHT Ultra High Temp pasteurization - Highly regulated in US to assure safe supply o Federal Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) o State Department of Agriculture o State Public Health Departments - Expensive to Transport o Heavy (87% water) o So, fluid milk is not generally traded internationally o So what is traded internationally Butter (India, Pakistan, France, Germany, US) Cheese (US, Germany, France, Italy) Non-fat dried milk powder Country Milk(million tons) World 481 1. E.U. 119 2. U.S. 73 3. India 35 4. China 31 Country Yearly Prod Daily Prod (gal per day) World 4275 1.5 Us 19929 7 State # dairy cattle (Million Head) 1. California 1.77 2. Wisconsin 1.24 3. New York .65 4. Penn .56 5. Idaho .47
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History of US dairy Industry - Fairly stagnant into early 20 th centur - Big boom in late 1930’s o Invention of electric milking machine o
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