Road_to_the_Civil_War (1).docx - ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR 1...

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ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR 1. Missouri Compromise of 1820 When Missouri petitioned for statehood as a slave state, the balance of slave and free states was threatened. Thus, debate and conflict ensued, requiring a compromise in Congress. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 states: [I]n all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labour or service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labour or service as aforesaid. Summarize the Missouri Compromise: Louisiana territory would be 36, 30 parallel. North of the line would be free states and southern states below the line would be allowed to continue the institution of slavery. Sabrina’s History Corner ©
In your opinion was the Missouri Compromise beneficial to the country? Why or why not? 2. Compromise of 1850 California was admitted to the Union as the 16th free state. In exchange, the south was guaranteed that no federal restrictions on slavery would be placed on Utah or New Mexico. Texas lost its boundary claims in New Mexico, but the Congress compensated Texas with $10 million. Slavery was maintained in the nation's capital, but the slave trade was prohibited. Finally, and most controversially, a FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW was passed, requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners under penalty of law. Fill in the chart below: North Gets South Gets California admitted as a free state. South guaranteed they would have no restrictions on slavery in Utah or New Mexico. Texas loses boundaries in New Mexico. Texas received $10 million. Slave trade prohibited. Slavery allowed in the national capitol. Sabrina’s History Corner ©
3. Fugitive Slave Act
How does the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 expand the protections given to slave owners?

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