practicality i speakers who advocate a new policy

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Unformatted text preview: major -tect-tures of the plan. ) Practicality _ i. Speakers who advocate a new policy must show their plan is and will solve the need without creating ne: ? .tJ . ii. Sl?eakers w~o oppose a shift in policy wi , argue that a proposed plan is ' and will create more problems than it will solve. .ld2,nfif\J pvaG-hl'a\ m\)rtterra.t D. Organizing Speeches on Questions of Policy a. Problem-Solution Order 1. Speeches that advocate a change in policy often fall naturally into problem-solution order. 1. The rst Irjain point shows the need for a new policy by proving the fV\t of a serious problem. 2. The Second main point presents a plan for solving the problem and e (:N demonstrates its ~cJj (~ Problem-solution order c n also be used m speeches opposmg change m policy. 1. The first main point shows that there is no need for(.)l'A~ . 2. The second main point shows that even if there were a ne , the proposed new policy would not solve it and would create serious ~ro of its own. Problem-Cause-Solution Order 1. Speeches following this method of org~nization have thrt;p main points. The First main point shows the h ~f a problem. 2. The second main point YJ~ \ ~SeS the causes of the problem. 3. The third main point presents a ~I 0 to the problem. Problem-Cause-Solution makes it easier to check whether the proposed solution will 11. wms b. @J G \(\rrtf Jt uh n ~et at t~e ~USf~ of the problem, rather than merely controlling 1ts 7 • Comparative Advantages Order Qu to_ ___as c. ?1 i. This pattern of organization is most effective when the audience 12) V£??d'{ o~s. there is a need for a new policy. ii. R er than dwellmg on the need, the speaker devotes each mam pomt to explammg ~ why his or her plan is vve±er-ab\.t to other solutions. d. Monroe's Motivated Sequence 1. The motivated sequence has five steps that follow the DI{A\1 of persuasion. 1. The first step is to gain the a-fl-£@()1 of the audience~ I 2. The second step is to show the for a change. 3. The th~rd r.tep is to satisfy the sense of need by presenting a plan that will \A \1 {h need S':aOS:t~ the nee~. , 4. The fourth step is to \/15tll11..L the benefits and practicality of the plan. The fifth step is to urge the audience to take action in ~-f of the plan. 7 (3'} ,"y...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2014 for the course SPCH S121 taught by Professor Mcinerney during the Fall '12 term at Indiana University South Bend.

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