requires yefayced presenting an audience new and

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Unformatted text preview: is hfht to the ~ audience. ~ requires YEfa]yce.{d Presenting an audience new and ..\-- \ research, but it is well worth the effort. . . J 111. Persuasive speakers should use evidence from ltJ,J sources. 1. There is a good deal of research indicating that listeners find evidence from J.t (1 , ~ ~ources more persuasive than evidence from less qu~fied sources. I 2. isteners are especially skeptical about evidence from sources that appear to be · <:p or - ~ J(.""Vu 1v. Persuasive speakers should yY "1 , I the of their Evidence. 1. Studies h~ve shown that speakers cannot count on listeners to draw, on their own; the QJfl(, (l)ffi a speakers wants them to reach. . In most situations, persuasive speakers need to be sure to C\a'flf¥ ~ the point they \ ) are trying to make with their evidence S:: XhL c nove\ V --\acl5 · JeS f' Crtd onec:h 'non ) f?\ IV. Reasoning From Specific Instances a. Reasoning is the process of drawing a conclusion based on E\/iCct ~ b. Public speakers have two major concerns with ('t'S ~+ to reasoning. i. The first is to make sure the speaker's reasoningiS' 5jN'd . ii. The second is to get listeners to OQ,I{fe w~tr1 th~ speaker's reasoning. c. Persuasive speakers often use reasonin!Vfrom specific I ( 01(' Mr5 . 1. When speakers reason from specific instances, they progress from a number of particular to a general 11. Speakers should follow three guidelines when reasoning from specific instances. 1. They need to beware of has~(\( 1fl'rfJ 1(1 based on insufficient evidence. the facts . (D. They need to be (hVf £.- )\ with their wordin_ so as not to?VHP\f!n· g They need to reinforce their argument wit~( S or d. Persuasive speakers often use reasoning from principle. 1. When speakers reason from principle, the y move from a general principle to a specific conclusion. 11 . Speakers should follow two basic guidelines when reasoning from principle. 1. They need to make certain the audience will accept the ~UJva.\ principle. 10 v1S l1.' CO _ " _.'WA'I ¥ m·l e. . 2. They also need to make sure the audience will accept the minor Qf--t ~e Pe...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2014 for the course SPCH S121 taught by Professor Mcinerney during the Fall '12 term at Indiana University South Bend.

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