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Grand challenge iii 3 u n d e rs t a n d t h e c o n

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Unformatted text preview: and of how the media report these. Also necessary is widespread education about the biological meaning and limitations of research findings in this area (Box 6), and the formulation and adoption of public-policy options that protect against genomics-based discrimination or maltreatment (see Grand Challenge III-1). Grand Challenge III-3 U n d e rs t a n d t h e c o n s e q u e n c e s o f u n c o v e ri n g t h e g e n o m i c c o n t ri b u t i o n s t o h u m a n t r a i t s a n d b e h a v i o urs Genes influence not only health and disease, but also human traits and behaviours. Science is only beginning to unravel the complicated pathways that underlie such attributes as handedness, cognition, diurnal rhythms and various behavioural characteristics. Too often, research in behavioural genetics, such as that regarding sexual orientation or intelligence, has been poorly designed and its findings have been communicated in a way that oversimplifies and overstates the role of genetic factors. This has caused serious problems for those who have been stigmatized by the suggestion that alleles associated with what some people perceive as ‘negative’ physiological or behavi...
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