Unformatted text preview: and of how the media report these.
Also necessary is widespread education
about the biological meaning and limitations of research findings in this area (Box 6),
and the formulation and adoption of
public-policy options that protect against
genomics-based discrimination or maltreatment (see Grand Challenge III-1).
Grand Challenge III-3 U n d e rs t a n d t h e
c o n s e q u e n c e s o f u n c o v e ri n g t h e g e n o m i c
c o n t ri b u t i o n s t o h u m a n t r a i t s a n d
b e h a v i o urs
Genes influence not only health and disease,
but also human traits and behaviours. Science is only beginning to unravel the complicated pathways that underlie such attributes
as handedness, cognition, diurnal rhythms
and various behavioural characteristics. Too
often, research in behavioural genetics, such
as that regarding sexual orientation or intelligence, has been poorly designed and its
findings have been communicated in a way
that oversimplifies and overstates the role of
genetic factors. This has caused serious problems for those who have been stigmatized by
the suggestion that alleles associated with
what some people perceive as ‘negative’ physiological or behavi...
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