Unformatted text preview: e relationship of
genomics to the concepts of race and ethnicity has to be considered within complex
historical and social contexts.
Most variation in the genome is shared
between all populations, but certain alleles
are more frequent in some populations than
in others, largely as a result of history and
geography. Use of genetic data to define racial
groups, or of racial categories to classify biological traits, is prone to misinterpretation.
To minimize such misinterpretation, the biological and sociocultural factors that interrelate genetics with constructs of race and
ethnicity need to be better understood and
communicated within the next few years.
This will require research on how different individuals and cultures conceive of race,
ethnicity, group identity and self-identity,
and what role they believe genes or other
biological factors have. It will also require a
critical examination of how the scientific
community understands and uses these concepts in designing research and presenting
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