individual Assignment IRL2220 - NAME CYNTHIA WANJIKU NJENGA ID NUMBER 652192 COURSE GENDER IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COURSE CODE IRL2220 LECTURER

individual Assignment IRL2220 - NAME CYNTHIA WANJIKU...

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NAME: CYNTHIA WANJIKU NJENGA ID NUMBER: 652192 COURSE : GENDER IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS COURSE CODE: IRL2220 LECTURER: ROZINA MWAKINA SEMESTER: SPRING 2020 INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT Table of content 1
Gender and International relations…………………………………………………………3 Feminists critique of International Relations theory…………...…….…………………...3-4 Why does Gender Matter in IR……………………………………………………………..5-6 Conclusion………………………………………...……………………….………………….7 References…………………………………,………...……………………………………….8 WHY DOES GENDER MATTER IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. 2
Gender and Sex. Gender is a socially constructed role, behaviours, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women (Tickner and Sjoberg, 2007). Tickner (1992) goes on ahead to define gender as culturally shaped and that it varies across time and place. The concept of gender keeps to the fore the relational nature of categorization of male and female and that it signals the importance of not taking either as given or necessarily natural (Youngs, 2004). The concept of gender has three dimensions which are fundamental (Hooper, 2001), the first one is the physical embodiment which includes the body and the role of reproductive biology. The second dimension is the institutions and the gendered social processes they encompass including the family, the economy and the state. Lastly the third dimension is the discursive dimensions of the gendered constructions of language and its constitutive role in the gender order.However gender is not embedded to biology. The clear distinction between sex and gender is that sex is a biological categorization based on reproductive potential, whereas gender is the social elaboration of biological sex. Often people tend to think of gender as the result of nurture or as social hence fluid while making sex the result of nature which is simply given by biology. Nature and nurture are linked and there is no obvious point when sex leaves and gender begins. The term male and femal are sex categories while maculine and feminine are gender categories. The aspect of sex does not differ in different human societies while as the acspects of gender may vary greatly. For example women are expected to work in private spheres, do domestic work like cleaning the house or cooking and are considered emotional whereas the men are expected to work in the public sphere, are rational, and seek power. Gender and International relations International relations as a discipline started after the end of World war I and this was to prevent the outbreak of another war. The league of nations embodied idealism and the mechanism of collective security, to prevent future conflicts. When World War II occurred it exposed the failures of the idealism approach and its advocates embraced political realism. Realists focused on power and military power which guaranteed state survival. The Cold War shifted to the So viet American rivalries and military arms races bringing about the realist explanations of state behaviour. The end of the Cold War brought the end of realism's consensus and therefore IR

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