Lecture #5 - Developing a Credible Argument

Comcirculararrowshtml fallacy loaded presupposition

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Unformatted text preview: s in Reasoning Faulty Causal Reasoning: oversimplifies or distorts the cause ­effect relationship through errors • Ignoring other causes • Ignoring other effects • Inventing a cause • Confusing correlation with causation • Rationalizing Avoiding Errors in Reasoning Faulty Statistical Reasoning: procures conclusions that are unwarranted, inaccurate, or downright deceptive Fallacy A flawed pattern of reasoning Fallacy • “everyone knows” • Be wary of generalizations http://weheartit.com/entry/14079207 Fallacy – Ad Hominem • Personal attack http://ccclogic2009.blogspot.ca/2009_10_01_archive.html Fallacy – Appeal to Emotion • Feeling is substituted for evidence http://blog.lib.umn.edu/graz0029/ponderingpsychology/2012/01/chapter ­11 ­emotion ­motivation ­what ­moves ­us.html Fallacy – Appeal to Ignorance • A lack of data is given substance http://www.makebetterflyers.com/flyers/substance/ Fallacy – Appeal to Force or Threat • Intimidate the opponent http://ramparts360.com/intimidation ­by ­joe ­straus ­camp/ Fallacy – Begging the Question • AKA “circular argument” • Uses synonymous terms to prove one another http://mattstow.com/circular_arrows.html Fallacy – Loaded Presupposition • Questionable value has been added to the basic premise http://www.intellisec.com/questionable_background.html Fallacy – H...
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