1989 teachers model and explain how to approach the

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Unformatted text preview: attention, and by activating prerequisite knowledge. relevant existing knowledge. 2. Inform learners of the objectives of the lesson. 3. Present the lesson one point 3. Provide clear instructional at a time with opportunities input with varied and specific for student practice after each examples II. step. 4. Provide modeling if Presentation 4. Give clear and detailed appropriate. explanations. 5. Check for Understanding 5. Provide a high level of frequently. active practice for students. 6. Provide for opportunities 6. Check for understanding. for guided practice. 7. Provide guided practice. 8. Provide feedback. 9. Provide students with clear 7. Provide Students with 80 III. Ending directions for independent work. 10. Review as needed. independent practice 81 Table 7.2. Strategies for providing guidance to learners Type of Support Offered by the Teacher Scaffolding Behavior (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) Assisted performance (Gallimore & Tharp, 1990) Cognitive Apprenticeship (Collins, et al., 1989) Teachers model and explain how to approach the learning task. Demonstration Modeling Modeling Teachers simplify task for learners. Reducing Degrees of Freedom Recruitment Teachers enlist learners’ interest and adherence to task requirements. As studen...
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