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Unformatted text preview: hat incorporates a
number of constructivist learning principles. Current forms of problem-based
learning began in medical schools in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a way of
helping students better understand and apply knowledge (Barrows, 1996; Diana,
et al., 2002). Although there are various forms of problem-based learning, they
tend to share some common elements. Learning and problem-solving are 59 organized around a problem, case, question, or project (Jonassen, 1999). Learning
and problem solving typically have a multidisciplinary focus, occur through
collaboration with adults and students, and are assessed through artifacts or
exhibitions. Communities of Learners (Brown, 1990; Brown & Campione, 1994),
Roots and Wings (Slavin, Maden, Dolan & Wasik, 1994) and Learning
Expeditions (Rugen & Hartl, 1994) are all examples of problem-based learning.
Authentic Question or Problem
In problem-based learning, students’ knowledge construction efforts are
organized around real-world questions or ill-defined problems (Hmelo &a...
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- Spring '08