This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: on until it’s mastered
then the second step and so on until all steps have been taught.
Backward chaining begins by teaching the last step or task in a
complicated behavior. Then each component is taught one step at a time in
reverse order until the first step or task is reached (Alberto & Troutman, 1999;
Hagopian, Farrell, & Amari, 1996). For example, someone might be taught the
game of golf by starting with putting and then working backwards to driving from
the tee (Simek & O’Brien, 1981). If you are teaching a learning strategy to your
students, you might do the first steps with students, and then ask them to complete
the last step on their own. Next time, they would do the last two steps on their
own, and this approach would be followed until students are executing the
strategy independently. 9 Although backward chaining may seem odd at first glance, there can be
benefits with backward chaining. First, students start with the successful
completion of a task, which can increase their motivation for learning previous
steps (Killian, 1988). Also, exposure...
View Full Document
- Spring '08