Backward chaining begins by teaching the last step or

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Unformatted text preview: on until it’s mastered then the second step and so on until all steps have been taught. Backward chaining begins by teaching the last step or task in a complicated behavior. Then each component is taught one step at a time in reverse order until the first step or task is reached (Alberto & Troutman, 1999; Hagopian, Farrell, & Amari, 1996). For example, someone might be taught the game of golf by starting with putting and then working backwards to driving from the tee (Simek & O’Brien, 1981). If you are teaching a learning strategy to your students, you might do the first steps with students, and then ask them to complete the last step on their own. Next time, they would do the last two steps on their own, and this approach would be followed until students are executing the strategy independently. 9 Although backward chaining may seem odd at first glance, there can be benefits with backward chaining. First, students start with the successful completion of a task, which can increase their motivation for learning previous steps (Killian, 1988). Also, exposure...
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