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Unformatted text preview: behaviors that need to be executed in
sequence (Zirpoli & Melloy, 1997). Chaining as an instructional technique
involves teaching students to execute a behavioral chain, such as teaching
students to execute the sequence of steps in long division. In teaching through
chaining, you have three major choices of how to sequence the instruction: total 8 task training, forward chaining, and backward chaining, (Alberto & Troutman,
1999; Martin & Pear, 1996; Spooner & Spooner, 1984).
Total task training involves teaching all the steps in a chain at one time.
For example, you might demonstrate all the steps in long division, and ask
students to learn all those steps at once. This approach tends to be very effective
with simple behavioral chains
Forward chaining involves teaching the first step or task of a chain until
students have mastered it. Then the second step or task is taught until it is
mastered, and this process is followed until all the steps or tasks have been taught.
For example, you would teach the first step in long divisi...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08