Unformatted text preview: memory (Ritchie & Karge, 1996). For
example, you might compare the structure of the atom to the structure of the solar
system, or the information-processing model to a computer. Teachers can provide
instructional analogies or students can generate their own. Either way, the goal of
an instructional analogy is to help students relate the unfamiliar to the familiar.
Although instructional analogies can be useful for students, they also can
be difficult for students to use effectively (Zook, 1991). First, if you provide
analogies for your students, they may have difficulty differentiating the parts of
the analogy that are relevant from the parts that are not. For example, the hard
drive of a computer is a useful analogy for long-term memory only in the sense
that both computers and humans have semi-permanent storage capabilities.
However, the way that information is stored on a hard drive is an incomplete
analogy for our complex abilities to interrelate knowledge in memory. 25 Second, when students are asked to generate their own analogie...
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- Spring '08
- Educational Psychology, Instructional Technique