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Unformatted text preview: neral Nature of Effective Practice
According to behaviorists, effective practice has two main characteristics.
First, practice activities should directly support the learning objectives. For
example, if you want students to learn to add two numbers together, then they
should practice adding two numbers together. Second, students need to practice
behaviors correctly. Behaviorists believe that if students practice a behavior
incorrectly, that is the way they will learn it. Instructional prompts and feedback
are two instructional techniques that can be used to promote correct practice.
Instructional Prompts. An instructional prompt is an antecedent
stimulus that encourages correct responses from students (Gropper, 1987).
Prompts help students avoid errors when they are first learning, or they provide
support so students can produce a correct response when they are first learning.
For example, highlighting the ones column in green as a reminder to start here
when adding two-digit numbers is using a prompt to help students avoid a
common error. Here are some other examples of prompts.
• Guidance provided to students about format, content, and scoring in
the directions for a paper (Shiland, 2000) • An alphabet train and/or number line taped to students’ desk to
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08