First students tend to profit more from modeling that

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Unformatted text preview: in the appropriate or adaptive 47 behavior. Students repeatedly view these tapes over a period of days as an intervention (Creer & Miklich, 1970). Self-modeling has been found to be an effective intervention for a number of behaviors such as increasing appropriate classroom participation (Hartley, Bray, & Kehle, 1998), increasing cooperative classroom behavior (Lonnecker, Brady, McPherson, & Hawkins, 1994), improving parenting skills (Reamer, Brady, & Hawkins, 1998), and reducing aggressive/disruptive behaviors (McCurdy & Shapiro, 1988). Additionally, self-modeling has been used with preschoolers through adults (Buggey, 1999). There are a number of possible explanations for the effectiveness of selfmodeling. First, students tend to profit more from modeling that is delivered by models who are similar to them (Bandura, 1986). Using a student as her or his model provides the greatest degree of model/learner similarity. Second, selfmodeling may positively affect self-efficacy (Kehle, Bray, Margian...
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