Unformatted text preview: to later steps may help students understand
the importance of executing earlier steps more carefully. For example, Earl (1982)
described a demonstration film for showing students how to conduct an
experiment measuring the effects of chemical and electrical stimulation on a
frog’s heart. By first seeing later steps in the procedure, students were less likely
to make critical mistakes in the first incisions they were asked to make.
Research comparing the effectiveness of these approaches has provided
mixed results in terms of which is most effective (Spooner & Spooner, 1984). To
a large extent, your decision about which approach to use should be based on your
experience. You’ll need to determine which approach works best for your learners
and the skills you need to teach.
Principle 2.3: Learning Results From the Effects of Stimuli on Behavior
In order for learning to occur, behaviorists suggest that students must
successfully practice the behaviors they need to learn. They have developed some
instructional techniques that are designed to help students practice more
effectively. 10 The Ge...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08