This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ple, a
comparative advance organizer can use students’ personal experiences as an
anchoring point for new knowledge
Specific Near-Term Goals
In applying principle 6.3 it is important to remember that learners tend to
do better when they understand the goals of the instruction, and why those goals
are important (Burden & Byrd, 1999). Also, proximal or near-term goals provide
students with more opportunities to receive feedback about their learning over
time, and they can be used to encourage their efforts toward meeting long-term
goals (Alderman, 1999). You can specify your objectives or goals at the
beginning of lessons and provide information to students about the value of the
objectives. Students’ progress toward meeting these objectives might be assessed
by having students answer the “What have I learned?” question from K-W-L at
the end of a lesson or unit. 72 You can also stress the value of the learning activities in your classroom.
You can stress utility value by teaching knowledge in terms of its use. Fo...
View Full Document
- Spring '08