K w l has been modified and extended in a number of

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Unformatted text preview: uring the L step, students think about the prompt “What I learned” They determine if their questions have been answered or if they need additional information. This step provides an opportunity for students to consolidate what they have learned. K-W-L has been modified and extended in a number of ways (Carr & Ogle, 1987; Coleman, Thiessen, Wilson, Arey, & Barrow 1999; Huffman, 1998; Sampson, 2002). For example, Carr & Ogle (1987) added a writing and concept 24 mapping step to K-W-L and called it K-W-L plus. During the writing step students create concept maps for the ideas that have been generated, and they write summaries of what they have learned. Mandeville (1994) recommended a fourth step called the Affect step (K-W-L-A). During this step students discuss how they feel about what they have learned or why it is important. Instructional Analogies. Another way for students to connect new learning to existing knowledge is through the use of instructional analogies. An instructional analogy relates new ideas to structurally similar ideas in...
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