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Unformatted text preview: s, they
may have trouble identifying familiar knowledge that can serve as a useful
analogy. Also, analogical reasoning is a fairly abstract ability, and young students
and inexperienced students may have difficulty with these complicated processes
(Zook, 1991). Regardless of whether you supply analogies or have your students
generate their own, you will want to help guide your students’ use and
interpretation of those analogies.
Coordinating Basic Mental Processes.
From an information-processing perspective, your students need to engage
successfully in certain basic mental processes in order to learn. For example, they
need to focus their attention on the important parts of what they are learning, and
they need to organize the information they are learning. Information-processing
psychologists have identified instructional techniques that can influence those key
mental processes. However, it is important to remember that how a technique
actually affects learners’ thought processes will depend on a number of factors
including the characteristics of the learners and how a techni...
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- Spring '08