Regardless of whether you supply analogies or have

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Unformatted text preview: s, they may have trouble identifying familiar knowledge that can serve as a useful analogy. Also, analogical reasoning is a fairly abstract ability, and young students and inexperienced students may have difficulty with these complicated processes (Zook, 1991). Regardless of whether you supply analogies or have your students generate their own, you will want to help guide your students’ use and interpretation of those analogies. Coordinating Basic Mental Processes. From an information-processing perspective, your students need to engage successfully in certain basic mental processes in order to learn. For example, they need to focus their attention on the important parts of what they are learning, and they need to organize the information they are learning. Information-processing psychologists have identified instructional techniques that can influence those key mental processes. However, it is important to remember that how a technique actually affects learners’ thought processes will depend on a number of factors including the characteristics of the learners and how a techni...
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