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Unformatted text preview: elps my students see how today’s lesson
connects to previous lessons.” 20 • Olivia Begay goes over the algebra homework she assigned for last
night before she goes on with her lesson for today. Reviewing prior learning has a number of potential benefits for students
besides activating relevant prior knowledge for the current lesson. First, it can
provide additional rehearsal or practice for the reviewed material. Second, you
can use the review to determine which of your students lack relevant prior
knowledge or have learned misconceptions. Finally, the review can help students
space or distribute their learning over time, which has been consistently been
found to help students retain what they have learned (Dempster, 1991; Rosenshine & Stevens, 1986).
The advance organizer was first introduced formally by David Ausubel
(1963, 1968) as part of his theory of meaningful learning. An advance organizer
is material that is presented prior to new learning that helps students link new
learning with more general and inclusive prior knowledge (Hatch & Dwyer, 1999;
Schwartz, Ellsworth, Graham,...
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- Spring '08