Scaffolding is descriptive of teachers roles in a

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Unformatted text preview: . Knowledge Construction Through Social Interactions In implementing principle 5.3, teachers would need to create situations that provide opportunities for students to work together with adults and/or peers to construct understanding. One way to do this is to create problem solving or learning situations with adults and/or peers scaffolding or guiding students’ 53 learning or problem solving. Another way to implement this principle is to create group learning situations such as cooperative learning. Scaffolding As noted earlier in this chapter, constructivist teachers typically function as guides or facilitators of students’ learning. Scaffolding, as you remember from chapter five, is the general term typically used for this type of teaching (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976). Scaffolding is descriptive of teachers’ roles in a number of approaches, including guided discovery (Bruner, 1967), assisted performance (Gallimore & Tharp, 1990) and cognitive apprenticeships (Collins, Brown, & Newman, 1989). In Table 7.2 (appears at t...
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