Unformatted text preview: a reading comprehension strategy by
Ogle (1986), but you may also find it useful as a technique for organizing how
you present information to your students. The three letters, K-W-L, stand for the
steps in the strategy. The K step occurs during the lesson introduction. It is
designed to help students activate existing knowledge by brainstorming their
answers to the question, “What do I know?” Teachers guide the process by asking
students questions like, “Where did you learn that?” or “How do you know that?”
At the end of the K step, teachers help students organize their responses into
categories, which helps them transition to the next step.
During the W step, students discuss the question, “What do I want to
know?” The primary goal is to help students identify gaps and inconsistencies in
the knowledge they activated at the K step. This is done initially as a group
activity, but eventually each student writes down some questions she/he would
like answered from the lesson.
The L step occurs at the end of the lesson. D...
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- Spring '08
- Educational Psychology, Instructional Technique