The information is presented in a logical sequence in

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Unformatted text preview: than selecting a multiple choice option, because he felt it reduced the likelihood of an incorrect response becoming accidentally connected to the stimulus (Keirns, 1999). • The information is presented in a logical sequence. In math, for example, basic math skills are presented before applications of those skills are presented. 17 The linear program and branching program are two forms of programmed learning. In a linear program, all students work through the frames of the program in the same order (Skinner, 1958). In a branching program, students select options for multiple-choice items. If students answer correctly, they go to the next frame. If they select a wrong answer, they are directed to a frame where the material is re-taught and they are re-tested. Students progress through the program differently based on their correct and incorrect responses. Figure 7.1 (appears at the end of the chapter) provides examples of both a linear and branching program. Research on the effectiveness of programmed learning has generally found...
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