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These tutorials became known as intelligent tutors

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Unformatted text preview: rting their improvement over practice sessions (Binder, 1993; Spence & Hively, 1993). In the reading decoding example, students can track their improvement in reading rate over time. Cognitive Theory and Intelligent Tutors Many early forms of computer-assisted tutorials were unable to provide the type of tailored instruction that is provided by effective tutors. As both 42 technology and cognitive theories of learning and performance evolved, tutorials were designed that could be more responsive to students’ learning needs. These tutorials became known as intelligent tutors (Newby, et al., 2000; Polson & Richardson, 1988). Intelligent tutors differ from the earlier tutorial programs in terms of the knowledge that is encoded in the program (Burns & Capp, 1988; Kumer, Smith, Helgeson, & White, 1994; Steele & Steele, 1999). Intelligent tutors contain expert knowledge about the academic content to be taught, but they also store information about students’ performance with the prog...
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